13 15 15Call
No win, no fee.
WINNER Personal Injury Law Firm of the Year
Australia's Largest Specialist Personal Injury Firm

Australia's Largest Specialist Personal Injury Firm^

WINNER Personal Injury Law Firm of the Year

CTP Claims Process – What You Need to Know. 

Before you lodge your application for personal injury benefits, take a few minutes to understand the CTP claims process in NSW, what you might be entitled to, and how your application will be assessed.  

CTP insurance claims in NSW are managed by the State Insurance Regulatory Authority – SIRA. However, SIRA doesn’t actually deal with your CTP claim; your application for personal injury benefits will go straight to the CTP insurer. Also, SIRA won’t tell you how to maximise your claim. It’s up to you to complete your application thoroughly and make sure you don’t miss out on anything you may be entitled to. 

Man receiving medical treatment for his leg - what you need to know about a CTP claim

CTP insurance claims NSW – what can I claim?  

If you’re injured in a motor vehicle accident there’s a range of benefits you may be able to claim in NSW.  

Your benefits will be based on your medical assessment and whether your injuries are classified as threshold or above-threshold. This is the most critical part of the CTP claim process – if your injuries are classified as threshold, you won’t be entitled to claim a lump sum for future loss of wages or pain and suffering, and your benefits will be cut off after a maximum of 12 months, even if you haven’t fully recovered.  

To access your full benefits, you may need to lodge two different applications:  

Application Type Entitlements Covered
Application for personal injury benefits
  • Lost income through time off work
  • Treatment expenses
  • Care expenses
Lump sum claim
  • Lump sum for future lost wages
  • Lump sum for pain and suffering

Read on to learn more about the CTP claim process and whether you need to submit one or both applications.

Threshold vs above-threshold injuries.

To understand how NSW CTP insurance claims are assessed, it’s important to understand the difference between threshold and above-threshold injuries. 

Threshold injuries are “soft-tissue” or muscle injuries; above-threshold injuries are more serious injuries like fractures or injuries that affect your internal organs. If you have above-threshold injuries, you’re likely to be entitled to a lump sum claim.  

Physical Injury Classification Examples
Threshold (soft tissue injuries)
  • Muscle injury
  • Sore back
  • Whiplash
Above-threshold (fractures, organ damage)
  • Broken arm
  • Head or brain injury
  • Injuries that require surgery

Your injury classification determines what you’re entitled to claim, so your injuries will need to be assessed by a GP. However, the GP may not be very familiar with the CTP claim process and might not document issues that seem minor at the time but are critical to your health.  

Our CTP lawyers can recommend doctors who are familiar with CTP claims in NSW and will make sure all relevant issues are included in your assessment. 

Physical and psychological injuries.  

Injuries can be both physical and psychological. It’s common to experience multiple kinds of injuries at once, and it’s important that you’re assessed based on everything you’re experiencing. Even one minor injury that’s overlooked in your medical assessment could mean you miss out on tens of thousands of dollars in compensation you’re entitled to.  

Above-threshold injuries that qualify for lump sum compensation may include:  

Injury Type Examples
Above-threshold physical injuries
  • Fractures
  • Nerve injuries
  • Complete or partial rupture of a tendon, cartilage, meniscus, or ligament
  • Damage to the spinal nerve root that meets the criteria for radiculopathy
  • Injuries that require surgery
  • Brain injuries
  • Scarring
Above-threshold psychiatric illness (symptoms continuing for more than one month)

Symptoms may include:

  • Reduced ability to look after yourself (self-care and personal hygiene)
  • Reduced social or recreational activities
  • Reduced ability to travel
  • Reduced ability to maintain relationships with friends and family
  • Reduced ability to concentrate
  • Reduced ability to work

These injuries can develop over time, so if they’re not picked up in your initial assessment, you may need to dispute the CTP insurer’s decisions on your claim and have your injuries reassessed to claim your full entitlements. For information on this, see our article about checking and disputing a CTP claim.  

What’s the CTP claims process?  

Here’s an overview of the CTP claims process:  

If your CTP application for personal injury benefits is successful, then you should start receiving income support payments covering 95% of your pre-injury earnings as soon as the insurer processes your claim.  

For more information about the CTP claims process, see our how to lodge a CTP claim article. 

What’s the CTP claim time limit?

You’ll need to submit your application within 28 days of the accident to claim lost wages backdated to the time of your accident. You have up to three months after the accident as a final CTP claim time limit.  

How do I get CTP claim advice and help with my case?  

The CTP claims process is designed so that you can submit your own claim, and for more information about the step-by-step process to submit, see our how to lodge a CTP claim article. But it’s worth keeping in mind that while you may not be using a lawyer for your claim, the insurer will have lawyers on its side. Seeking CTP claim advice from a lawyer before you lodge your claim will give you peace of mind, and confidence that you’re not missing out.  

You can call Law Partners and get free CTP claim advice from a specialist car accident lawyer who can tell you what benefits you’re entitled to, and whether you’re entitled to claim lump sum compensation.  

Related articles

Do I have a case?

Our senior lawyers will assess your case for free.